The focus on methods and standards stands in stark contrast to the lack of efforts to improve policies and programs to support members who do not meet these standards, i.e. weight and fat loss programs and the maintenance of these losses. While the DOD and each of the services provide general advice on body weight management, the specifics of most weight/fat loss programs are unique to specific facilities or units. Services have done relatively little medical and physiological research in this area, a gap that is particularly evident given that private industry is developing pharmacological and other new interventions for weight loss and maintenance. In these challenging recruiting and retention times, members could reduce the loss of qualified personnel by taking advantage of these developments, improving existing programs, and trying to make weight management programs more consistent across services. Most importantly, the Department of Defence must place a strong emphasis on prevention programs as well as remediation programs. The following table also refers to soldiers who have already been drafted into the army. New recruits receive a small additional allowance. Note that for both men and women, your height and age remain fixed.
Your weight should fit in the right space based on your specific height and age. In the frontispiece of their book on the human physique, Sheldon et al. (1940) photographs of three extremes of the somatotype: an endomorph characterized by oscillating fat deposits; a mesomorph that appeared well proportioned and muscular; and an ectomorph that looked like a victim of anorexia nervosa. There is little debate about which of these three guys would make a suitable soldier. Undoubtedly, the massively obese endomorph would not be able to function physically, would not even meet the subjectively most lenient standards of military appearance, would probably have acute and long-term health problems as a direct result of excess fat, and would suffer miserably when working in a moderately hot environment. At the other end of the face, the ectomorph would not be able to carry a normal load on a standard road walking task, would likely suffer from health problems due to an extreme lack of muscle mass, and would not be able to thermoregulate effectively in a cold environment. Current army body composition standards ignore the ectomorph because this soldier is not recognized by body weight charts, even though the soldier has so little lean mass that relative body fat is high. This omission deviates from previous norms, which emphasized the exclusion of physically weak individuals who would have difficulty performing the basic duties of the soldier. At the upper end, the endomorph is clearly excluded by current military standards, as are many individuals who can even approach the mesomorph in appearance and physical abilities. The second change from previous standards is that current body fat standards draw a precise line without confidence intervals for acceptable fat. These standards do not take into account the strength of the association between body fat and military performance, nor the reliability of the estimation method.
Previously, a doctor had concluded that a soldier was not fit for military due to obesity, but this was subjective and had little impact on offenders with a military appearance. Without this buffer, arbitrary norms have had a major impact. Therefore, it is becoming increasingly important to test body composition standards and carefully adjust them to performance parameters to ensure that good soldiers are not eliminated. The Army Weight Control Program (AR 600-9, 1986) and the objectives of these regulations are described here, along with previous guidelines and how the Army arrived at the current policy, standards and evaluation methodology. From this historical review, it can be seen that over the past decade, two important considerations may have been inadvertently removed from current standards: (1) the low-end standard (or stress test) to emphasize the importance of proper fat-free mass, and (2) the confidence interval built into these standards, based on the accuracy of the measurement methods and the relative strength of the relationship between body composition and the Objective, Hold soldiers ready for battle. To be a candidate for the Navy, you must be between 57 and 80 inches tall. Weight standards are about your height and gender. For example, if you are 60 inches tall and you are a man, you must weigh a maximum of 141 pounds. If you`re 70 inches and a woman, you can`t weigh more than 177 pounds.
The weight range is from 127 lbs to 241 lbs, but depends on your height and age. A major revision of the AR 600-9 (1976) combined the regulations of the U.S. Army fitness and weight control program. This was in response to concerns that army personnel were becoming too sedentary and not maintaining the desired level of fitness. Quite simply, the army leadership felt that there were too many obese soldiers. Previous U.S. The Army Weight Control Program (AR 632-1, 1972, classified under Standards of Conduct and Fitness) was weak; He referred to the height-weight charts in the membership regulations (tables that were liberal for men) and recommended that soldiers who exceed these charts be included in a weight loss program. The new regulations, developed under the leadership of General Bernard Rogers, establish a new, separate set of maximum and minimum weight standards to be met by all active soldiers, and add specific penalties for soldiers deemed obese and who have not changed satisfactorily to meet the standards. The upper limit for men was 27.5 kg/m2, or 125% of the men`s “standard weight” of World War II. This upper limit, in turn, was based on the “desirable” weights for 20-year-old men in the 1912 medico-actuarial tables (Davenport, 1923), which represented the average body weight of the insured U.S. population at the turn of the century (Figure 3-3).
The upper limit for females was 23.7 kg/m2. These two new male and female standards for remaining in the military were much stricter than the weight standards of members at the time (AR 40-501, 1960). (A later change in accession standards made entry and retention standards equally stringent for women.) According to the Physical Readiness Program (U.S. Navy, 2002), the Navy`s Command-Directed Physical Conditioning Program (CDPCP) is mandatory for anyone who fails the fitness test or does not meet body fat standards. This is a 6-month program led by a fitness coordinator (a referral who has completed 2.5 days of training). The program includes mandatory supervised exercises three times a week. Anyone who exceeds body fat standards is given a guide to self-study, nutrition, and weight management. A more rigorous second phase program is the Bureau of Medicine approved weight management program, a 2-week intensive outpatient program that requires confirmation from the commanding officer and 6 months prior to participation in the DHCP program. Individuals with three fitness or body fat issues are not eligible (three failures in 4 years result in administrative action, and while individuals are no longer logged out of the service, they are not allowed to re-register and are not eligible for the promotion for the duration of their order period). The successful completion of the Bureau of Medicine program and 1 year of follow-up, during which progress in meeting body fat standards continues, leads to a clear balance.