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Q: What factors play a role in determining how many hours a minor can work? A: There are several factors to consider when determining how many hours a minor can work on a given day. “Hours of work” are defined as hours outside school hours determined by the school district concerned. The “regular school week” is defined as the five days that begin from Monday to Friday, when the school is in session. “School holidays” are defined as the period during which a minor is not required to attend school, as determined by the school district in which the minor resides. The term does not include Saturdays and Sundays, unless one or more vacation days are before or after Saturday or Sunday. A minor enrolled in the summer school is subject to age restriction during a normal school week, not during school holidays. The Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry provides a “summary of the labor time provisions of the Child Labor Act” on its website. Young people aged 12 and 13 who have an agricultural work permit to pick berries, fruits or vegetables are not allowed to work: minors who engage in street trading are not allowed to work between 7 p.m. and 6 a.m.

The Pennsylvania Child Labor Act (CLL) was enacted to “ensure the health, safety, and welfare of minors by prohibiting their employment or work in certain institutions, professions and among certain age groups.” The CLL requires minors to obtain a work permit before starting work. This law, with the exception of agricultural work or domestic services in a private household, applies to work in an establishment other than the minor`s place of residence. Resource Links: Q: I am a minor and live in Pennsylvania, where can I get a work permit? A: Each school district is responsible for issuing work permits to all minors residing in the district, including those attending non-public schools, chartered e-schools, or participating in a homeschooling program. Contact your school district to find out which building you should go to and what time the issuing agent is available. Q: Are there any special provisions for minors aged 16 and over who are employed as counsellors, training counsellors or junior counsellors during school holidays? A: Yes, a person 16 years of age or older and employed during school holidays as a counsellor, training counsellor or junior counsellor at a summer camp, conference or retreat organised by a religious or Scouting organisation will be entitled to 24 consecutive hours of rest within a seven-day period. This does not apply to minors who are mainly employed for general maintenance or catering activities in these establishments. Students under the age of 16 who work on a farm that is not their family business are permitted to use farm machinery on the hazardous occupation list if they have successfully completed a course on the safe handling of farm equipment. Information on this programme and the required certification can be found in the Basic Education Circular. The law prohibits minors from working before or after certain working hours, depending on their age and occupation. Q: Can a parent, guardian or employer revoke a work permit? A: No, under Pennsylvania`s Child Labor Act, only an issuing officer can refuse to issue or revoke a work permit. The provisions of the FLSA on child labour are intended to protect educational opportunities for young people and to prohibit them from engaging in jobs that are harmful to their health and safety.

The youth rules of the department! The initiative helps promote positive and safe work experiences for young workers. Q: Can a school district refuse or revoke a work permit based on the student`s academic performance? A: Yes. Under Pennsylvania`s current child labor law, the application may be denied if, in the opinion of the issuing agent, the applicant is unable to perform properly in school if allowed to work during the school year. Similarly, an official issuing the permit may revoke a work permit if he or she believes that the applicant cannot perform adequately academically if he or she is authorized to work during the school year. 16- and 17-year-olds have no limit on the number of hours worked. However, they must comply with the Compulsory Education Act and curfew, which may apply, and these affect when they can legally work. (Virginia Code §§ 40.1-115 and 40.1-116) Minors under the age of 16 must obtain a work certificate before their first day of work. Federal law limits the work of 14- and 15-year-olds in companies engaged in interstate commerce to: Q: If a student drops out of school at age 17, does they still need a work permit? A: Yes. Pennsylvania`s Child Labor Act requires all minors between the ages of 14 and 17 to have a work permit to be employed.

A 17-year-old who has dropped out of school should request a letter indicating this status from their home school district. This letter, along with a valid work permit, will inform the employer that they are exempt from the hours of work restrictions. Minors who have graduated from high school or are exempt from attendance under the Pennsylvania Code of Public Schools are not subject to the time of work or working time restrictions of the law. Exceptions to the limitation of hours of work for youth include work in the following situations (Virginia Code § 40.1-79.01): Students who have been excluded are not considered “enrolled in an ordinary day school” (language of the Child Labor Act), so they are allowed to work during school hours. However, they may not exceed the maximum daily and weekly hours permitted for their age. Minors under the age of 16 can be between the ages of 8 and 40 on a day off or a week. The Act was created to protect minors in the agricultural and non-agricultural sectors and contains specific provisions on child labour, including laws limiting the number of hours children under 18 may work per day and the types of work they may perform. The FLSA also establishes a minimum wage, overtime pay, and wage records for part-time and full-time child workers. Hours and other regular business practices. Once a child reaches the age of 18, these rules no longer apply. No work permit is required for working children, but employers who wish to do so can obtain a government-issued age certificate.

The employer may change the work schedule as long as it publishes the changes in the schedule. Minors are only allowed to work on the days and times indicated in the timetable. If minors are present at other times or if there is no posted schedule, this is a violation of the Child Labour Act. Minors aged 16 and 17 are not allowed to work between midnight and 6 a.m. if school is not at school. To work between 10 p.m. and midnight on the eve of a school day, 16- and 17-year-olds need written permission from a parent or guardian and a satisfactory certificate of school status from their school. Q: Can minors under the age of 14 be employed? If so, do they need a work permit? A: Yes, minors under the age of 14 may be employed in certain situations; However, you do not need a work permit.